The Defense component of Romanians National Security
erschienen in der Publikation "Gaminger Gespräche 1998 (14)" - Februar 1999
Autor(en):Prof. Ioan Mircea Pascu
In a broader perspective, the end of the cold war, following the disintegration in the East, has created the conditions for the reunification of Europe, a continent divided on ideological and political-military grounds for the last fifty years. But, at the same time, the same disintegration in the East threatened to spread towards the West. As a consequence, after some hesitation generated, among other causes, by the wrong belief that all the negative developments could be "contained" in the area were they were born, the West decided, quite pragmatically and wisely to stabilize Central and Eastern Europe. That started to be achieved by projecting its own stability, security and prosperity eastward, mainly through the enlargement of NATO and the EU. In geopolitical terms, through the reunification of Germany and the disintegration of the Soviet Union, accompanied by the fragmentation of the political space between them, the center of gravity in Europe has shifted from Eastern to Central Europe, which now acts as the anchor of stability for the entire continent. Narrowed to the situation of a country like Romania, this meant the possibility to re-establish its traditional links to the West, coupled with, on the one hand, the substitution of a colossal neighbour, the Soviet Union, by less powerful ones - Ukraine and Moldova - and, on the other, a marked increase of insecurity generated by open conflict in her own vicinity (former Yugoslavia and former Soviet Union). To this, one should add the fact that, after the voluntary dissolution of the Warsaw Pact, Romania had to face such increased insecurity alone, a situation complicated even further by the inescapable reduction in her defense capability given internal transition.